Good morning class, I will get straight to the point. Yesterday, one of the participants of the Anime Screencap Marathon experienced a sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) and was hospitalised. Thankfully, he is now out of the woods and would be able to be discharged by next week.

Thus, in today’s lesson, I will be going through some heart-related problems and emergency treatments. You never know when these skills will save a life, so pay full attention. I will not tolerate any jokes this lesson.

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  1. Cardiac Arrest
    It is a sudden stop in effective blood circulation due to failure of the heart to contract. This prevents the delivery of oxygen and glucose to the rest of the body, which leads to the loss of consciousness and may result in death within minutes. If someone is having a cardiac arrest, call the ambulance and use the AED immediately.
  2. Heart Attack
    Often confused with cardiac arrest, a heart attack occurs when blood flow to the heart is blocked. If someone is experiencing a heart attack, call the ambulance immediately.
  3. Arrhythmia
    It refers to a problem with the rate or rhythm of the heartbeat. Some cases are harmless, while some are fatal.

Inou-Battle wa Nichijou-kei no Naka de
inou battle 10

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Unconsciousness (DR. ABC)

  1. Check for DANGER (e.g. middle of road)
    • If danger is present, shift victim to a safe area
  2. Check for RESPONSE
    • “Sir/Madam, can you hear me?”
    • If no response, call the ambulance immediately, or order a bystander to do it.
  3. Check the AIRWAY
    • Place one hand on victim’s forehead
    • Tilt victim’s head backwards
    • Pick out any obstructions in mouth using pinky/toothpick/etc
  4. Check the BREATHING
    • Observe motion of victim’s chest (rising/sinking)
    • Feel victim’s breath on cheek
    • Listen for sounds of breathing
  5. Check for CIRCULATION
    • Feel victim’s pulse at wrist

Free!
cpr 1

If no breathing/circulation, commence CPR on victim.

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)

Ratio: 30 chest compressions to 2 rescue breaths

  1. Slide fingertips along lowermost rib until it reaches the sternum.
  2. Place heel of one hand on the sternum and place the other hand on top.
  3. Interlock fingers.
  4. Lean over victim to increase pressure from your body weight.
  5. Lock your elbows straight.
  6. Press down vertically 30 times.
  7. Pinch victim’s nose.
  8. Open victim’s mouth.
  9. Inhale air from surroundings.
  10. Place mouth on victim’s mouth.
  11. Exhale air inside mouth.
  12. Repeat steps 9-11.

cpr 2

Automated External Defibrillator (AED)

If an AED is not readily available, perform CPR until AED arrives.

Always listen clearly to the instructions of the AED.

  1. Move victim to a dry area first.
  2. Turn on AED.
  3. Expose victim’s chest.
  4. Remove any metal objects around chest to prevent burns.
  5. If chest is wet, dry it.
  6. If there is a lot of chest hair, use the razor in the AED kit to trim it quickly.
  7. Attach sticky pads to chest.
    • One pad on the right of chest above nipple
    • One pad on the left ribcage below nipple
  8. Once ready, press ‘Analyze’ button.
  9. Tell everyone to STAND CLEAR, including yourself.
  10. If AED advises for shock, press ‘Shock’ button.
  11. Tell everyone to STAND CLEAR, including yourself.
  12. Listen to AED’s further instructions.
  13. Start or resume CPR until the ambulance arrives.
  14. Report all information and procedures to the paramedics.

Terra Formars
terra formars 22 terra formars 23 terra formars 24

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In the event that a passer-by experiences a cardiac arrest, do not rush and let people who are certified first-aiders treat the victim. If you happen to be one, do not be afraid of stepping up. If everyone has the mindset that someone else is more capable than me at doing it, the person is going to DIE. You might not know the person, but his/her life is in your hands.

Every year thousands of people die of sudden cardiac arrest. Many of these deaths could be prevented with immediate and appropriate care. You never know when something will happen, so learn and understand these life-saving skills before you need them one day.

These are all what I have remembered from First Aid Courses. I am not a professional, so it is best to look up websites to learn about proper techniques and step-by-step methodology.

That’s it, class. Sorry for such a serious post but this is very important after all. Anyways, you all are dismissed. Thank you.

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